A situation is a time-related cluster of anomalous events and known events generated by a system.

A situation begins when a system generates an event of relevance. As relevant events are detected, they are appended to an open situation if there is one. When no events have been added for at least 1 minute, the situation ends. New relevant events will then start new situations.

  • If the event is an anomaly, the relevance is based on its score.
  • If the event is a known, the relevance is based on its classification, which may be Notice or higher.

This topic discusses how you can use the Situations page to investigate and review anomalies that Unomaly detects. The Situations page consists of a timeline, the aggregated score, filtering options, and a list of time-ordered situations.

Investigating with the graph and timerange

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The timeline consists of two time series graphs: one depicts the total volume of data, and the other indicates the occurrence of situations.

  • As you hover over individual sections of the bars you can see how many events and which frequency of events they correspond to.
  • As you scroll down through the list of situations, the graph remains visible. But, you can also choose to hide it by clicking “Collapse”.

Adjusting the time span

The span of the graph can be changed longer and shorter by using the dropdown to select from presets, which include last day, last week, last month; or use the custom option to specify a specific time range.

Jumping back and forward in time

Arrows to the left and right of the graph are buttons that allow you to jump forwards and backwards in the graph with the preserved interval selection. If you are looking at last day and clicking the arrow to the left of the graph it will take you to the previous day.

Zooming in and out on selected time periods

Making selections in the graph dynamically applies a filter for the situations and events that happened in that specific time frame. When making this selection a zoom button will be presented above the graph that enables you to zoom in on that specific part of the graph.

How situations are scored

Every situation has a score (from 1 to 10) that is based on:

  • How anomalous the events are.
  • How many events there are in the situation.
  • How normal the system usually is.

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Unomaly recalculates the score as events get added to the situation. This means that a situation can start with a score of 1 (parameter anomaly) and grow into being a score of 9 (never before seen data, multiple events, and so on). The score may be:

  • 7 to 10 (red): The situation contains never before seen data and/or known events classified as Critical.
  • 4 to 6 (orange): The situation contains never before seen events for this system (but not for the environment) and/or events classified as Warning.
  • 1 to 3 (yellow): The situation contains parameter anomalies and/or known events classified as Notice.
  • Frequency anomalies can have a score between 1 and 7 and will influence the situation score like any other event. Event stops will always be scored as a 7 (critical).

The unknown events are highlighted with red on the parts of the events that are anomalous. You can convert events into knowns by adding more context, classification, and descriptions to the events. See “Define knowns to highlight log events”.

Expanding and reviewing events in the situation

The situations list shows you the most significant anomaly in the cluster. To review the underlying events (anomalies and knowns) in the situation, click the situation to expand it.

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Filtering for anomalies within situations

When you expand a situation, you will see:

  • A summary of the types of anomalies in the situation with a count of how many of each type exist in the cluster.
  • A filter box which you can use to run a keyword search for specific events within the situation.
  • The list of the events that were clustered into the situation.

You can filter in the situation to find specific events based on the type of anomaly and using keywords in the filter box.

  • Click the check boxes in the summary of anomaly types to hide or show matching events in the list. For example, if you have “1 Never before seen”, “29 New parameter”, “1 Frequency spike”; You can hide the “29 New Parameter” anomalies to investigate the other two.
  • Run a keyword search for specific events within the situation. For example, you might want to search the anomalies for log events that describe a “failure”.

Review surrounding events

Each situation has a Jump to events button that can help to better understand the situation’s context. The button takes you to the time period in the Events view and lists the surrounding normal and anomalous events.

Event menu

To the right of each event in the Situation is an event menu with the following options:

  • “Copy log text” to copy the full log message to your clipboard that you can use to search or investigate outside of Unomaly.
  • “Copy link” to copy a dedicated link to the anomaly in your clipboard that you can share with your colleagues.
  • “Add known…” to open the knowns creation window.
  • “System profile…” to open the system profile and settings window.

Closing alerts in situations

If the situation caused an alert, a red exclamation mark displays to the right of the situation in the Situations view. To close the alert, expend the situation and click Close alert. You may also select “Close all open alerts” from the Actions menu under the timeline. See “Configure actions and notifications”.

Star a situation to review later

You can “Star” a situation to save it and review it later. All starred situations are saved in a default view, named “Starred”.

Collaborating in Situations

Inspecting a situation sometimes requires outside help, and you may want to discuss and share the situation with others.

Use comments to start a discussion

When inspecting a situation, you may want to work as a team to understand what has happened and to resolve the situation. If you expand a situation, you can use the comment field to start a discussion about the situation.

You can mention other users with the “@” character and their user name. Start typing the first characters in the name, and Unomaly will show suggestions based on the user accounts on the instance. You can select to autocomplete.

If a user is mentioned, that user will receive a mail notification that someone has mentioned them. The email contains the last comment that was made, together with the actual situation and a link to that specific situation. Clicking on the link “open in gui” takes the user directly to the situation where the discussion can continue.

Share a situation

Another way to collaborate with other users is to share the situation with them. Share situations are summarized in an email to the users. The email will contain full details about the situation and all related events, a link to the situation in Unomaly, and your message about the situations of interest.